samedi 24 novembre 2018

Le photon a une masse !!!

E = mc2 = h?
 on a donc p = mv = h?/c d'où m = h?/cv. Qui a dit que la masse du photon était nulle ! En passant, notons que c'est Louis de Broglie qui a proposé le premier ce calcul. On peut d'ailleurs retrouver cette formule en égalant E = mcv = h?

d'ou m = h?/cv

et en utilisant La didipostman expérience qui est la combinaison entre les fentes d'Young et l'effet Photo électrique 


l'écran ici est une plaque de potassium 

et en appliquant l'astuce d'Einstein pour le mouvement Brownian1905

 PV = nRT (n=m/M) and S entropie etc

( V est le volume entre les fentes d'Young et la plaque de potassium plate le mouvement Brownian peut être appliqué au  Gaz aussi "l'air est un gaz parfait").

nous n'aurons l'électricité que sur une certaine fréquence. Par exemple, pour la lumière rouge avec 1,77 électronvolt et une longueur d'onde de 700 nanomètres, nous n'aurons aucun effet. D'autre part, si nous utilisons une lumière bleue avec une tension électronique de 3,1 électrons, nous allons éjecter des électrons.

Et en faisant varier la lumière en douceur du rouge au bleu et en prenant des mesures et
statistiques nous pouvons avoir quelque chose,

Or, un photon n’a pas de masse au repos car il n’est jamais au repos : sa vitesse, qui vaut 299 792 458 mètres par seconde (c), est constante quelle que soit son énergie (couleur)

https://www.science-et-vie.com/questions-reponses/pourquoi-le-photon-na-pas-de-masse-et-juste-une-energie-5955

m = h?/cv  (I)

Le mouvement Brownian à nouveau après experience didipostman on connait n or n = m / M

d'ou en remplaçant  dans (I) m = nM

nM =h?/cv  on connait n d'ou M = h?/cvn

déterminant M on calculera m = nM 

le photon a une masse et l'expérience qui prouvera ceci est ma didipostman expérience et l'astuce du mouvement Brownian 


Il suffit d'écrire :)

--
Minds, like parachutes, function best when open. ,,,
(o o)
/ --------oOO--(_)--OOo--------------------\
|
| Wadï Mami didipostman
|
| E-mail : didipostman@hotmail.com / wadi3.mami@gmail.com
|
| \----------------------------------------/
| |
\---------------/ \------------------------/



vendredi 23 novembre 2018

Does light have mass? didipostman dilemma

1905 Einstein 2 papers
Author : Wadï Mami
Date of Publication : 22/11/2018

Abstract

In 1905 Einstein wrote 2 papers the well known photo electric effects (its Nobel prize) and the less known the Brownian movement "motion". So I asked my self why not to combine the two tip concepts in an experience my physic experience the didipostman experience to figure out mass particle hard to detect in todays accelerators.

A physic experience to figure out photon has a mass or not

Does light have mass?

The short answer is "no", but it is a qualified "no" because there are odd ways of interpreting the question which could justify the answer "yes".

http://www.desy.de/user/projects/Physics/Relativity/SR/light_mass.html

May be this experience could give an answer wether a photon has a mass or no.
My physic experience the didipostman experience  is the combination of the Young slits and the photo electric effects The écran (see picture is a
plate of potassium).



And we apply the same Einstein Tip for the brownian motion 1905

 PV = nRT (n=m/M) and S entropie etc

(The V the volume is between the Young Slits and The potassium plate and the Brownian movement can be applied to Gas too).

we will have electricity only on a certain frequency. By example for the red light with 1.77 electronvolt and wavelength 700 nanometer we will have no effect. In the other hand if we use a blue light with 3.1 electron volts we will eject electrons.

E = h?

E2 = m2c4 + p2c2 (I)

h? = sqrt(m2c4 + p2c2)  etc..!!!  (II)

La quantité de mouvement du photon est déterminée par p = E/c, où E est l’énergie
il suffit d'écrire puisqu'on connait n, n =m/M Brownian mouvement m = nM
On on remplace m dans (I)

on trouve 0 = m2c4 <=> 0 = (nM)2 * c4 ce qui nous mène à nM=0 or on connait n donc M =0 <=> n est infini ce qui est absurde parce que n est fini selon le Brownian movement n = m/M et on l'a déterminé selon Einstein mouvement Brownian et l'expérience didipostman.

il suffit d'écrire !!

dilemme !!!

Il suffit d'écrire

"Alternative theories of the photon include a term that behaves like a mass, and this gives rise to the very advanced idea of a "massive photon".  If the rest mass of the photon were non-zero, the theory of quantum electrodynamics would be "in trouble" primarily through loss of gauge invariance, which would make it non-renormalisable; also, charge conservation would no longer be absolutely guaranteed, as it is if photons have zero rest mass.  But regardless of what any theory might predict, it is still necessary to check this prediction by doing an experiment.

It is almost certainly impossible to do any experiment that would establish the photon rest mass to be exactly zero.  The best we can hope to do is place limits on it.  A non-zero rest mass would introduce a small damping factor in the inverse square Coulomb law of electrostatic forces.  That means the electrostatic force would be weaker over very large distances.

Likewise, the behavior of static magnetic fields would be modified.  An upper limit to the photon mass can be inferred through satellite measurements of planetary magnetic fields.  The Charge Composition Explorer spacecraft was used to derive an upper limit of 6 × 10−16 eV with high certainty.  This was slightly improved in 1998 by Roderic Lakes in a laboratory experiment that looked for anomalous forces on a Cavendish balance.  The new limit is 7 × 10−17 eV.  Studies of galactic magnetic fields suggest a much better limit of less than 3 × 10−27 eV, but there is some doubt about the validity of this method."

source : http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/physics/ParticleAndNuclear/photon_mass.html

Conclusion :

"All I know that I know nothing "
Socrat

--
Minds, like parachutes, function best when open. ,,,
(o o)
/ --------oOO--(_)--OOo--------------------\
|
| Wadï Mami didipostman
|
| E-mail : didipostman@hotmail.com / wadi3.mami@gmail.com
|
| \----------------------------------------/
| |
\---------------/ \------------------------/



jeudi 22 novembre 2018

Einstein Hunter Design Pattern


1905 Einstein 2 papers
Author : Wadï Mami
Date of Publication : 22/11/2018

Abstract

In 1905 Einstein wrote 2 papers the well known photo electric effects (its Nobel prize) and the less known the Brownian movement "motion". So I asked my self why not to combine the two tip concepts in an experience my physic experience the didipostman experience to figure out mass particle hard to detect in todays accelerators.

A physic experience to figure out photon has a mass or not

Does light have mass?

The short answer is "no", but it is a qualified "no" because there are odd ways of interpreting the question which could justify the answer "yes".

http://www.desy.de/user/projects/Physics/Relativity/SR/light_mass.html

May be this experience could give an answer wether a photon has a mass or no.
My physic experience the didipostman experience  is the combination of the Young slits and the photo electric effects The écran (see picture is a
plate of potassium).



And we apply the same Einstein Tip for the brownian motion 1905

 PV = nRT (n=m/M) and S entropie etc

(The V the volume is between the Young Slits and The potassium plate and the Brownian movement can be applied to Gas too).

we will have electricity only on a certain frequency. By example for the red light with 1.77 electronvolt and wavelength 700 nanometer we will have no effect. In the other hand if we use a blue light with 3.1 electron volts we will eject electrons.

E = h?

E2 = m2c4 + p2c2

h? = sqrt(m2c4 + p2c2)  etc..!!!

Il suffit d'écrire

"Alternative theories of the photon include a term that behaves like a mass, and this gives rise to the very advanced idea of a "massive photon".  If the rest mass of the photon were non-zero, the theory of quantum electrodynamics would be "in trouble" primarily through loss of gauge invariance, which would make it non-renormalisable; also, charge conservation would no longer be absolutely guaranteed, as it is if photons have zero rest mass.  But regardless of what any theory might predict, it is still necessary to check this prediction by doing an experiment.

It is almost certainly impossible to do any experiment that would establish the photon rest mass to be exactly zero.  The best we can hope to do is place limits on it.  A non-zero rest mass would introduce a small damping factor in the inverse square Coulomb law of electrostatic forces.  That means the electrostatic force would be weaker over very large distances.

Likewise, the behavior of static magnetic fields would be modified.  An upper limit to the photon mass can be inferred through satellite measurements of planetary magnetic fields.  The Charge Composition Explorer spacecraft was used to derive an upper limit of 6 × 10−16 eV with high certainty.  This was slightly improved in 1998 by Roderic Lakes in a laboratory experiment that looked for anomalous forces on a Cavendish balance.  The new limit is 7 × 10−17 eV.  Studies of galactic magnetic fields suggest a much better limit of less than 3 × 10−27 eV, but there is some doubt about the validity of this method."

source : http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/physics/ParticleAndNuclear/photon_mass.html

Conclusion :

"I know that I know nothing "
Socrates

--
Minds, like parachutes, function best when open. ,,,
(o o)
/ --------oOO--(_)--OOo--------------------\
|
| Wadï Mami didipostman
|
| E-mail : didipostman@hotmail.com / wadi3.mami@gmail.com
|
| \----------------------------------------/
| |
\---------------/ \------------------------/




A physic experience to figure out photon has a mass or not

Is there any experimental evidence that the photon has zero rest mass?

Alternative theories of the photon include a term that behaves like a mass, and this gives rise to the very advanced idea of a "massive photon".  If the rest mass of the photon were non-zero, the theory of quantum electrodynamics would be "in trouble" primarily through loss of gauge invariance, which would make it non-renormalisable; also, charge conservation would no longer be absolutely guaranteed, as it is if photons have zero rest mass.  But regardless of what any theory might predict, it is still necessary to check this prediction by doing an experiment.
It is almost certainly impossible to do any experiment that would establish the photon rest mass to be exactly zero.  The best we can hope to do is place limits on it.  A non-zero rest mass would introduce a small damping factor in the inverse square Coulomb law of electrostatic forces.  That means the electrostatic force would be weaker over very large distances.
Likewise, the behavior of static magnetic fields would be modified.  An upper limit to the photon mass can be inferred through satellite measurements of planetary magnetic fields.  The Charge Composition Explorer spacecraft was used to derive an upper limit of 6 × 10−16 eV with high certainty.  This was slightly improved in 1998 by Roderic Lakes in a laboratory experiment that looked for anomalous forces on a Cavendish balance.  The new limit is 7 × 10−17 eV.  Studies of galactic magnetic fields suggest a much better limit of less than 3 × 10−27 eV, but there is some doubt about the validity of this method.

source : http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/physics/ParticleAndNuclear/photon_mass.html

In 1905 Einstein wrote 2 papers the well known photo electric effects (its Nobel prize) and the less

known the Brownian motion. So I asked my self why not to combine the two in an experience my

physic experience the didipostman experience.


which is the combination of the Young slits and the photo electric effects The écran (see picture is a

plate of potassium).

And we apply the same Einstein Tip for the brownian motion 1905 P V = n R T and S entropie etc

(The V the volume is between the Young Slits and The potassium plate and the Brownian movement can be

 applied to Gas too).

we will have electricity only on a certain frequency. By example for the red light with 1.77 electronvolt and 

wavelength 700 nanometer we will have no effect. In the other hand if we use a blue light with 3.1

electron volts we will eject electrons.

--
Minds, like parachutes, function best when open. ,,,
(o o)
/ --------oOO--(_)--OOo--------------------\
|
| Wadï Mami didipostman
|
| E-mail : didipostman@hotmail.com / wadi3.mami@gmail.com
|
| \----------------------------------------/
| |
\---------------/ \------------------------/

1905 Einstein 2 papers

In 1905 Einstein wrote 2 papers the well known photo electric effects (its Nobel prize) and the less

known the Brownian motion. So I asked my self why not to combine the two in an experience my

physic experience the didipostman experience.


which is the combination of the Young slits and the photo electric effects The écran (see picture is a

plate of potassium).

And we apply the same Einstein Tip for the brownian motion 1905 P V = n R T and S entropie etc

(The V the volume is between the Young Slits and The potassium plate and the Brownian movement can be

 applied to Gas too).

we will have electricity only on a certain frequency. By example for the red light with 1.77 electronvolt and 

wavelength 700 nanometer we will have no effect. In the other hand if we use a blue light with 3.1

electron volts we will eject electrons.

The problem is 

What is the mass of a photon?

Does light have mass?

The short answer is "no", but it is a qualified "no" because there are odd ways of interpreting the question which could justify the answer "yes".

http://www.desy.de/user/projects/Physics/Relativity/SR/light_mass.html

May be this experience could give an answer wether a photon has a mass or no

source : http://www.tangentex.com/Photon.htm

La physique est une science expérimentale. Si l'on affirme, pour des raisons de cohérence théorique que la masse du photon est nulle, il doit être possible de le montrer expérimentalement...
Et bien, ce n'est pas si simple que ça ! Comment déterminer la masse d'un photon ?
Curieusement, toutes les expériences de détermination de la masse du photon visent d'abord à vérifier le bienfondé expérimental des lois de carré inverse, comme la loi de Coulomb ou la loi d'attraction gravitationnelle de Newton. Je ne vais pas rentrer dans le détail, mais la vérification de la loi de carré inverse conduit à introduire dans la forme du potentiel un terme qui inclut la masse du photon (dans la forme de potentiel de type "Yukawa" pour les curieux...).
Les meilleurs résultats actuels sont donnés par des mesures sur le champ géomagnétique terrestre. Deux physiciens (Kobzarev et Okun) en ont déduit le majorant de la masse du photon, soit environ 4*10-51 kg. Pour les curieux, voici un lien sur leur article : http://www.itep.ru/theor/persons/lab180/okun/em_24.pdf. D'autres expériences (par exemple celle de Williams, Faller et Hill) donnent des résultas sensiblement équivalents, de l'ordre de 10-50 kg.
C'est très très très faible, mais pas nul. Evidemment, c'est un majorant et ce n'est pas la preuve expérimentale que la masse du photon est nulle. Mais cela y ressemble quand même... Ces résultats et les éléments théoriques tendent à affirmer que le photon a bien une masse nulle. Cela ressemble à la discussion sur le principe d'équivalence, dans lequel on admet l'équivalence de la masse grave et de la masse inertielle, sans que l'on ait encore pu le démontrer expérimentalement. Là aussi, nous ne disposons que d'un majorant de la différence entre les deux masses...

--
Minds, like parachutes, function best when open. ,,,
(o o)
/ --------oOO--(_)--OOo--------------------\
|
| Wadï Mami didipostman
|
| E-mail : didipostman@hotmail.com / wadi3.mami@gmail.com
|
| \----------------------------------------/
| |
\---------------/ \------------------------/

jeudi 18 octobre 2018

The physic experience that highlight Black Holes Stephen Hawking

I conceived a physics experience my physics experience (didipostman experience)it is a
combination of 2 well known experiences the Young Slits and the photo electric effect.



Well the ecran (see picture) will be a potassium plate and we will have electricity only on a certain
frequency. By example for the red light with 1.77 electronvolt and wavelength 700
nanometer we will have no effect. In the other hand if we use a blue light with 3.1
electron volts we will eject electrons.

That experience highlight Black Holes  the edge between the brighter zone and black zone.

--
Minds, like parachutes, function best when open. ,,,
(o o)
/ --------oOO--(_)--OOo--------------------\
|
| Wadï Mami didipostman
|
| E-mail : didipostman@hotmail.com / wadi3.mami@gmail.com
|
| \----------------------------------------/
| |
\---------------/ \------------------------/

mercredi 23 mai 2018

Quantum Einstein Brownian Motion

In 2012 When CERN detected Higgs’ Boson I asked my self is there a way to detect
physics particle hard to be detected in today's particles accelerators.

So I asked my self why not to use the same tip used by Einstein in 1905 to solve the
Brownian movement and to figure out particle mass hard to be detected.

I conceived a physics experience my physics experience (didipostman experience)it is a
combination of 2 well known experiences the Young Slits and the photo electric effect.


And by variying the light smoothly from red to blue and making measurements and
statistics we can detect something,

That something is particles that we can't observ them directly but we can figure out
their masses as their movement can be detected by their effects on bigger particles on
suspension,(that's the Brownian movement solved by Einstein 1905) PV= nRT, n = m /
M and S entropie. ..

Well the ecran (see picture) will be a potassium plate and we will have electricity only on a certain
frequency. By example for the red light with 1.77 electronvolt and wavelength 700
nanometer we will have no effect. In the other hand if we use a blue light with 3.1
electron volts we will eject electrons.

We should vary the light smoothly and take measurements and compare between
the brighter zone and black zone.

The Tip is to use Quantum Einstein Brownian motion theory + didipostman experience
May be we detect glue ball particle Hard to detect in accelerators and solve the Yang
Mills problem by figuring out mass of particle using the Brownian movement and the
didipostman experience.

NB : The V the volume is between the Young Slits and The potassium plate and the
Brownian movement can be applied to Gas too.

--
Minds, like parachutes, function best when open. ,,,
(o o)
/ --------oOO--(_)--OOo--------------------\
|
| Wadï Mami didipostman
|
| E-mail : didipostman@hotmail.com / wadi3.mami@gmail.com
|
| \----------------------------------------/
| |
\---------------/ \------------------------/